What are the causes of drug abuse in South Africa?

There are also other factors involved, such as peer pressure – particularly when substance use is a norm; boredom, and the feeling of not having a sense of purpose can also be contributing factors, as can feelings of depression, anxiety, and lack of control.

In what parts of South Africa is drug abuse a problem?

Alcohol is by far the major substance of abuse, while cannabis is still the most common illicit drug used, especially among youths attending treatment centres. Cape Town continues to experience a dramatic increase in the use of crystal methamphetamine (known as Tik), which has become the primary substance of abuse.

What are the causes of drug abuse among students?

Causes of drug abuse among youths

  • Peer pressure. Does drug and substance abuse just happen ? …
  • Identity crisis among adolescents. …
  • Weakening moral, spiritual and social values. …
  • Influence from celebrities. …
  • Uncouth religious beliefs. …
  • Poor relations with school administrations. …
  • Availability and easy access to drugs. …
  • Family breakups.
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9 окт. 2018 г.

What are the psychological causes of drug abuse?

Heightened desire to re-experience use of the substance or behavior, potentially influenced by psychological (e.g., stress, history of trauma), social (e.g., family or friends’ use of a substance), and environmental factors (e.g., accessibility of a substance, low cost) can lead to regular use/exposure, with chronic …

What are consequences of substance abuse in South Africa?

Besides personal and family distress, additional healthcare costs and loss of future productivity place burdens on the community. Mental health problems such as depression, developmental lags, apathy, withdrawal, and other psychosocial dysfunctions frequently are linked to substance abuse among adolescents.

What is the most used drug in South Africa?


The most commonly injected drug in SA is heroin. Most heroin is smoked, either alone or in combination with other drugs e.g.: – In Gauteng region it is mixed with cannabis and known as ‘nyaope’.

What is the punishment for drug trafficking in South Africa?

The effect of the inclusion is that Nyaope users and traffickers are now punished in the same manner as any other traffickers namely, through direct imprisonment.

How can we prevent drug abuse among youth?

Consider other strategies to prevent teen drug abuse:

  1. Know your teen’s activities. Pay attention to your teen’s whereabouts. …
  2. Establish rules and consequences. …
  3. Know your teen’s friends. …
  4. Keep track of prescription drugs. …
  5. Provide support. …
  6. Set a good example.

12 янв. 2019 г.

How does drug abuse affect learning?

First, substance use itself may impair cognitive development which, in turn, reduces academic achievement and disrupts academic progression. Recent studies have shown that heavy adolescent substance use can lead to problems with working memory and attention due to changes in adolescent brain activity [5].

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What are the substance of abuse?

Substance abuse isn’t something you should take lightly. It occurs when you use alcohol, prescription medicine, and other legal and illegal substances too much or in the wrong way. Substance abuse differs from addiction. Many people with substance abuse problems are able to quit or can change their unhealthy behavior.

What are psychological causes?

The causes of psychological disorders are not known, but a number of factors are thought to influence their development. These factors include chemical imbalances in the brain, childhood experiences, heredity, illnesses, prenatal exposures, and stress. Gender plays a role in some, but not all, psychological disorders.

What does psychology say about addiction?

Psychologists’ oldest definition of addiction is that the addict has a lack of self-control. The addicted party wants to abstain, but they can’t resist the temptation. Addicts lose control over their actions.

What is the psychological model of addiction?

Psychological or Character Logical Model

This model of addiction concentrates on what takes place in order for a person to start using substances. This model emphasizes that biology does not cause a person to take that first drink or line of cocaine.

What is the most dangerous drug in South Africa?

Whoonga (also known as nyaope or wonga) is a form of black tar heroin, possibly mixed with other substances, that has come into widespread use in South Africa since 2009. Its use is concentrated in the impoverished townships of Durban, although it is claimed to be appearing in other places in South Africa as well.

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How widespread is substance abuse in South Africa?

The statistics showed that the use of cannabis, cocaine, and tik was twice as much in South Africa as worldwide. Alcohol abuse was a major problem in South Africa and an estimated two million people could be classified as problem drinkers. The socio-economic cost of alcohol abuse was an estimated R130 billion per year.

What are the social factors that contribute to substance abuse in South Africa?

Social Risk Factors. Social factors that contribute to increased risk for adolescent substance use include deviant peer relationships, popularity, bullying, and association with gangs.