Ephedrine (EPH), pseudoephedrine (PEPH), phenylpropanolamine (PPA), and methylephedrine (MEPH) are ephedrine alkaloids commonly found in cold medications and are banned by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
What cold medicine has ephedrine in it?
Pseudoephedrine is a drug that has been most commonly used as an ingredient in the previously over-the-counter medication Sudafed, which is used as a nasal decongestant. Pseudoephedrine is present in some medications without a prescription, and it is available in drugstores behind the pharmacy counter.
What is ephedrine found in?
Synthetic ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are found in over-the-counter decongestants and cold medicines and are used to treat asthma. Ephedrine is not approved in the United States as a drug for weight loss or to enhance athletic performance.
What are other names for ephedrine?
Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.
Is pseudoephedrine the same as ephedrine?
Pseudoephedrine is a diastereomer of ephedrine and is readily reduced into methamphetamine or oxidized into methcathinone.
What does pseudoephedrine do to the brain?
When using pseudoephedrine you may be sleeping more soundly at night and that is directly associated with improved thinking and memory. There are many others, though, who find the nervousness caused by pseudoephedrine causes them to lose sleep resulting in a ‘foggy brain’.
How many boxes of Sudafed can you buy a month?
The daily limit of how much Sudafed you can buy is 3.6 grams, and the monthly limit is nine grams. This equates to about two or three boxes of drugs containing pseudoephedrine. If you exceed the limit, you won’t be able to buy the drug.
Why was Bronkaid recalled 2020?
This recall was initiated after identifying that certain information was unintentionally excluded from the product carton label. Bronkaid caplets consist of ephedrine sulfate, a bronchodilator, and guaifenesin, an expectorant. … For more information call (800) 986-0369 or visit www.bronkaid.com.
What are the effects of ephedrine?
What Are Side Effects of Ephedrine?
- spinning sensation (vertigo),
- loss of appetite,
- trouble sleeping (insomnia),
10 авг. 2020 г.
What drug class is ephedrine?
Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications. Ephedrine belongs to a class of drugs called Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists.
What Colour is ephedrine?
2.1. Ephedrine reacts with the expected blue colour, but the intensity of the colour is weak as compared to methamphetamine and to other secondary amines such as piperidine. The full development of the colour requires 5 to 10 minutes.
What plant produces ephedrine?
Ephedrine is one of the most commonly used noncatecholamine sympathomimetic drugs in the perioperative period. Ephedrine is a natural product of the ephedra plant (Ephedra sinica), and is a mixed-acting, noncatecholamine sympathomimetic with both direct and indirect stimulating effects on α- and β-adrenergic receptors.
When was ephedrine banned?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the sale of dietary supplements containing ephedrine alkaloids (stimulant compounds found in Ephedra sinica and some other plants) in the United States in 2004.
Is ephedrine stronger than pseudoephedrine?
Both ephedrine and pseudoephedrine increase blood pressure and act as bronchodilators, with pseudoephedrine having considerably less effect. Ephedrine may decrease motion sickness, but it has mainly been used to decrease the sedating effects of other medications used for motion sickness.
Are there effective substitutes for pseudoephedrine?
Second, there is an effective alternative, phenylephrine (PE). No drug is without some side effects, but PE’s side effects are much milder, and you cannot make meth out of it.
Who should not take pseudoephedrine?
high blood pressure. significant uncontrolled high blood pressure. severe disease of the arteries of the heart. enlarged prostate.