What are serotonin reuptake inhibitors used for?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a widely used type of antidepressant. They’re mainly prescribed to treat depression, particularly persistent or severe cases, and are often used in combination with a talking therapy such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).

What does a serotonin reuptake inhibitor do?

SSRIs block the reabsorption (reuptake) of serotonin into neurons. This makes more serotonin available to improve transmission of messages between neurons. SSRIs are called selective because they mainly affect serotonin, not other neurotransmitters.

What symptoms do SSRIs treat?

What are SSRI antidepressants used for? SSRI antidepressants help to relieve symptoms of depression such as low mood, irritability, feelings of worthlessness, restlessness, anxiety, and difficulty in sleeping.

What are the side effects of serotonin reuptake inhibitors?

Common side effects of SSRIs can include:

  • feeling agitated, shaky or anxious.
  • feeling or being sick.
  • indigestion.
  • diarrhoea or constipation.
  • loss of appetite and weight loss.
  • dizziness.
  • blurred vision.
  • dry mouth.
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What does it feel like to be on SSRI?

When first starting antidepressants, some people have mild stomach upset, headache or fatigue, but these side effects often diminish in the first few weeks as the body adjusts. Some people gain weight, though many stay “weight neutral,” and some even lose weight, Dr. Cox says.

How do you know if you have low serotonin?

Mental health symptoms

People who feel unusually irritable or down for no apparent reason may have low serotonin levels. Depression: Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and anger, as well as chronic fatigue and thoughts of suicide, may indicate depression. Anxiety: Low serotonin levels may cause anxiety.

What are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors commonly prescribed for?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a widely used type of antidepressant. They’re mainly prescribed to treat depression, particularly persistent or severe cases, and are often used in combination with a talking therapy such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).

How long do SSRIs stay in your system?

Antidepressant drugs and their half-lives*
Drug Half out of body in 99% out of body in
sertraline (Zoloft) 26 hours 5.4 days
escitalopram (Lexapro) 27 to 32 hours 6.1 days
citalopram (Celexa) 36 hours 7.3 days

Which SSRI is best for anxiety?

The antidepressants most widely prescribed for anxiety are SSRIs such as Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Lexapro, and Celexa.

Can you feel SSRI immediately?

The first is that they won’t work immediately. “SSRIs build up in your system so you won’t feel the full benefits for a few weeks. The placebo effect can work faster than that, though, so you might find that you seem to feel better before the drug has really kicked in.

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Do you have to take antidepressants forever?

Although it may be tempting to stop medication as your mood lifts, continue taking it for as long as your doctor recommends. Most doctors advise patients to take antidepressants for six months to a year after they no longer feel depressed. Stopping before that time can cause depression to return.

What are the safest antidepressants?

Escitalopram and sertraline stand out.

Bupropion, citalopram, escitalopram, and sertraline were better tolerated than the other antidepressants. Escitalopram and sertraline were found to have the best combination of efficacy and acceptability.

What does SSRI withdrawal feel like?

The most common symptoms of SSRI discontinuation syndrome are described as either being flu-like, or feeling like a sudden return of anxiety or depression. 1 They include: Dizziness. Vertigo.

Do SSRIs change your personality?

Medication can definitely change people’s personalities, and change them quite substantially. Paxil is rarely prescribed now, because of concerns about side effects and withdrawal, says Tang, but other SSRIs (such as Prozac and Zoloft) are likely to have the same effect on personality.

Do SSRIs permanently change your brain?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) such as Prozac are regularly used to treat severe anxiety and depression. They work by immediately increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain and by causing long term changes in brain function.

Will antidepressants make me happy?

Antidepressants help relieve the symptoms of depression and associated anxiety. They do not make you euphoric, but simply help you react more realistically in your emotional responses. You may notice, for example, that you take in your stride little things that used to worry you or get you down.

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Psychopharmacy