Bipolar disorder, formerly called manic depression, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression).
Can you have a manic and depressive episode at the same time?
Dysphoric mania, also called agitated or mixed mania, is when you have a combination of depression and mania at the same time. It is having depression while at the same time being in a manic state, without the highs of mania or the euphoria.
What can trigger a hypomanic episode?
Possible causes of hypomania or mania include:
- high levels of stress.
- changes in sleep patterns or lack of sleep.
- using recreational drugs or alcohol.
- seasonal changes – for example, some people are more likely to experience hypomania and mania in spring.
What causes rapid cycling bipolar disorder?
Experts aren’t sure what causes bipolar disorder or rapid cycling. Among people with bipolar disorder, about 12 to 24 percent develop rapid cycling at some point.
Can you have both hypomania and mania?
The symptoms of both mania and hypomania involve feeling very happy, on an emotional high, and feeling more energetic and creative. In some cases, an episode of mania or hypomania can be mixed with one of depression. Specialists call this a mixed features episode.
How long do manic episodes last?
If left untreated, a first episode of mania lasts an average of two to four months and a depressive episode up to eight months or longer, but there can be many variations. If the person does not get treatment, episodes tend to become more frequent and last longer as time passes.
Can you be manic and suicidal?
Affective disorders contribute to 15-25% of deaths due to suicide attempts. Depression is the most likely cause of the patients attempt on his life. Contrary to popular opinion, manic episode can also increase the risk of suicide, especially if the patient dominates by productive symptoms in the form of delusions.
Can a bipolar person truly love?
Absolutely. Can someone with bipolar disorder have a normal relationship? With work from both you and your partner, yes. When someone you love has bipolar disorder, their symptoms can be overwhelming at times.
What does a hypomanic episode look like?
Diagnosing hypomania depends on the presence of a combination of key symptoms and features. 4 There must be a persistent and abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood, accompanied by unusually increased activity and energy for most of the day over at least four days.
How do I know if I have hypomania?
The diagnostic criteria for hypomania require at least three of the following symptoms for at least four days: inflated self-esteem or grandiosity; decreased need for sleep; increased talkativeness; racing thoughts or ideas; marked distractibility; agitation or increased activity; excessive participation in activities …
What is the best medication for rapid cycling bipolar?
Mood-stabilizing drugs — such as carbamazepine (Tegretol), lamotrigine (Lamictal ), lithium (Lithobid), and valproate (Depakote)– are the core treatments of rapid cycling. Often, a single mood stabilizer is ineffective at controlling episode recurrences, resulting in a need for combinations of mood stabilizers.
What triggers bipolar episodes?
Factors that may increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder or act as a trigger for the first episode include:
- Having a first-degree relative, such as a parent or sibling, with bipolar disorder.
- Periods of high stress, such as the death of a loved one or other traumatic event.
- Drug or alcohol abuse.
How do I calm my mania?
Managing a manic episode
- Maintain a stable sleep pattern. …
- Stay on a daily routine. …
- Set realistic goals. …
- Do not use alcohol or illegal drugs. …
- Get help from family and friends. …
- Reduce stress at home and at work. …
- Keep track of your mood every day. …
- Continue treatment.
What it feels like to be manic?
In the manic phase of bipolar disorder, it’s common to experience feelings of heightened energy, creativity, and euphoria. If you’re experiencing a manic episode, you may talk a mile a minute, sleep very little, and be hyperactive. You may also feel like you’re all-powerful, invincible, or destined for greatness.
Do manic episodes damage the brain?
Bipolar episodes decrease brain size, and possibly intelligence. Grey matter in the brains of people with bipolar disorder is destroyed with each manic or depressive episode.
Why is hypomania bad?
“It’s a less severe form of mania. It actually may feel pretty good because your mood is up and you have more energy than usual, but it’s not out of control. The problem is that for someone with bipolar disorder, hypomania can evolve into mania. Or it can switch to serious depression.”