The biggest concern is typically the risk of birth defects from exposure to antidepressants. Overall, the risk of birth defects and other problems for babies of mothers who take antidepressants during pregnancy is very low. However, some antidepressants are associated with a higher risk of complications for your baby.
How do antidepressants affect a fetus?
About 30 percent of babies whose mothers take SSRIs will experience neonatal adaptation syndrome, which can cause increased jitteriness, irritability and respiratory distress (difficulty breathing), among other symptoms.
What antidepressants are safe for pregnancy?
Antidepressants that are considered safer include:
- Fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem)
- Citalopram (Celexa)
- Sertraline (Zoloft)
- Amitriptyline (Elavil)
- Desipramine (Norpramin)
- Nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- Bupropion (Wellbutrin)
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Can antidepressant cause miscarriage?
Overall, the analysis showed: A 68% increased risk in miscarriage in pregnant women using any class of antidepressant drugs compared with women who had never used antidepressants. A 61% increased risk among those who used SSRIs.
Can taking antidepressants while pregnant cause autism?
Antidepressant exposure during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in several observational studies.
What medications are not safe during pregnancy?
What medicines should you avoid during pregnancy?
- Bismuth subsalicylate (such as Pepto-Bismol).
- Phenylephrine or pseudoephedrine, which are decongestants. …
- Cough and cold medicines that contain guaifenesin. …
- Pain medicines like aspirin and ibuprofen (such as Advil and Motrin) and naproxen (such as Aleve).
How can I control anxiety during pregnancy?
How can I prevent or manage anxiety in pregnancy?
- Talk to someone you trust, such as your partner, family or a friend about how you are feeling.
- Try not to feel guilty or embarrassed. …
- Look after yourself – try some of our top tips for looking after your emotional wellbeing.
- Avoid caffeine.
- Eat well.
Can you take ADHD medication while pregnant?
None of the medications used to treat ADHD — including Vyvanse, Adderall, and Ritalin — are proven to be safe to use during pregnancy, but they are also not proven to be harmful, according to the Federal Drug Administration (FDA).
Can antidepressants stop you from getting pregnant?
So what we see in this study is that untreated depression or anxiety, but not SSRI antidepressants, appear to negatively impact fertility, reducing rates of pregnancy and live births by about half.
Can I stay on Lexapro while pregnant?
The overall risk of damage to your growing baby is small, most studies have found. That doesn’t mean that there’s no risk, of course. Generally speaking, sertraline (you may know it better as Zoloft) and escitalopram seem like reasonably safe options for use during pregnancy.
Can citalopram cause a miscarriage?
Miscarriage can occur in any pregnancy. It is unlikely that citalopram/escitalopram would increase the chance for miscarriages. There have been some studies that suggested taking antidepressant medications may slightly increase the chance for miscarriage.
Can hydroxyzine cause a miscarriage?
Hydroxyzine, in the first trimester, increases the risk of fetal defects. It can also cause hypotension, myoclonus, hypoxia, and central nervous system (CNS) depression. In animal studies, hydroxyzine was teratogenic.
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Can pregnancy hormones cause anxiety?
Hormonal changes during pregnancy may affect the chemicals in your brain. This can cause anxiety. Pregnancy is also a time of tremendous change. Some of these feelings and sensations are welcomed, while others are downright uncomfortable and scary.
Is Lexapro good for autism?
Research suggests SSRIs aren’t effective for children, and emerging evidence suggests they can cause harm. But it’s possible that SSRIs might help some autistic adults who also have depression or anxiety. SSRIs don’t appear to help with the core characteristics of autism.
What causes autism?
There is no known single cause for autism spectrum disorder, but it is generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function. Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism compared to in neurotypical children.
Can you breastfeed when taking antidepressants?
Antidepressants. Antidepressants in general are considered to be relatively safe for use during breastfeeding when clinically warranted, and SSRIs in particular are one of the best studied classes of medications during breastfeeding.