Other plant sources that contain such ephedrine alkaloids include Sida cordifolia L. and Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino. Common names that have been used for the various plants that contain ephedrine alkaloids include sea grape, yellow horse, joint fir, popotillo, and country mallow.
What plant produces ephedrine?
Ephedrine is one of the most commonly used noncatecholamine sympathomimetic drugs in the perioperative period. Ephedrine is a natural product of the ephedra plant (Ephedra sinica), and is a mixed-acting, noncatecholamine sympathomimetic with both direct and indirect stimulating effects on α- and β-adrenergic receptors.
What is ephedrine found in?
Synthetic ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are found in over-the-counter decongestants and cold medicines and are used to treat asthma. Ephedrine is not approved in the United States as a drug for weight loss or to enhance athletic performance.
Where is the ephedra plant found?
The various species of Ephedra are widespread in many lands, native to southwestern North America, southern Europe, northern Africa, southwest and central Asia, northern China and western South America. In temperate climates, most Ephedra species grow on shores or in sandy soils with direct sun exposure.
What group of plants is ephedra in?
Ephedra, genus of 65 species of gymnosperm shrubs of the family Ephedraceae. Ephedra is an evolutionally isolated group and is the only genus in the order Ephedrales (division Gnetophyta).
What is another name for ephedrine?
Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.
What plants are stimulants?
Chapter 4 (Stimulant Plants) is dedicated to plants with purinergic (coffee, tea, cocoa, guarana, maté, kola), cholinergic (tobacco, areca, lobelia) and monoaminergic stimulant effects (ephedra, coca, khat). Active constituents are identified, and fairly extensive comments on their mechanisms of action are provided.
Why was Bronkaid recalled 2020?
This recall was initiated after identifying that certain information was unintentionally excluded from the product carton label. Bronkaid caplets consist of ephedrine sulfate, a bronchodilator, and guaifenesin, an expectorant. … For more information call (800) 986-0369 or visit www.bronkaid.com.
What are the effects of ephedrine?
What Are Side Effects of Ephedrine?
- spinning sensation (vertigo),
- loss of appetite,
- trouble sleeping (insomnia),
10 авг. 2020 г.
What drug class is ephedrine?
Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications. Ephedrine belongs to a class of drugs called Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists.
Is it legal to grow ephedra?
ANSWER: Ephedra sinica, the herb also known as Ma Huang, is the one that was outlawed by the FDA and can no longer be legally sold as a dietary supplement. The major reason is the potential danger from the ephedra alkaloids, which are stimulant compounds that can represent an unreasonable risk of illness or injury.
What color is ephedrine?
Ephedrine reacts with the expected blue colour, but the intensity of the colour is weak as compared to methamphetamine and to other secondary amines such as piperidine. The full development of the colour requires 5 to 10 minutes.
Does Mormon tea contain ephedrine?
The dried branches are boiled in water to make the tea. People use it as a beverage and as a medicine. Be careful not to confuse Mormon tea (Ephedra nevadensis) with ephedra (Ephedra sinica and other ephedra species). Unlike these other plants, Mormon tea does not contain ephedrine, an unsafe stimulant.
Which medicine is obtained from ephedra?
The alkaloids ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are the active constituents of Ephedra. Pseudoephedrine is used in over-the-counter decongestants. Derivatives of ephedrine are used to treat low blood pressure, but alternatives with reduced cardiovascular risk have replaced it for treating asthma.
Does ma huang contain ephedrine?
Ma-huang is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb derived from Ephedra sinica Stapf and other Ephedra species, used to treat asthma, nose and lung congestion, and fever with anhidrosis. It contains 0.5–2.5% by weight of total alkaloids, of which ephedrine accounts for 30 to 90%.
What is the ephedra plant used for?
Ephedra is used for weight loss and obesity and to enhance athletic performance. It is also used for allergies and hay fever; nasal congestion; and respiratory tract conditions such as bronchospasm, asthma, and bronchitis.