Lexapro and Xanax belong to different drug classes. Lexapro is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and Xanax is a benzodiazepine.
Are SSRI better than benzo?
In general, antidepressants, especially selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as sertraline (Zoloft), are as effective as and safer than benzodiazepines for the long-term treatment of panic disorder and generalized anxiety.
What category does benzodiazepines fall under?
Introduction: Benzodiazepines are a class of drugs that produce central nervous system (CNS) depression and that are most commonly used to treat insomnia and anxiety.
What type of drug is benzodiazepines classified as?
Benzodiazepines are a type of medication known as tranquilizers. Familiar names include Valium and Xanax. They are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States. When people without prescriptions obtain and take these drugs for their sedating effects, use turns into abuse.
What are other names for benzodiazepine?
What are some examples of benzodiazepines?
- alprazolam (Xanax)
- chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- clonazepam (Klonopin)
- clorazepate (Tranxene)
- diazepam (Valium)
- estazolam (Prosom)
- flurazepam (Dalmane)
- lorazepam (Ativan)
Which Benzo is best for anxiety?
Benzodiazepines most commonly used to treat anxiety disorders are clonazepam (Rivotril)*, alprazolam (Xanax) and lorazepam (Ativan). Also used are bromazepam (Lectopam), oxazepam (Serax), chlordiazepoxide (once marketed as Librium), clorazepate (Tranxene) and diazepam (Valium).
Which SSRI best for anxiety?
The antidepressants most widely prescribed for anxiety are SSRIs such as Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Lexapro, and Celexa.
What is the antidote for benzodiazepines?
Flumazenil is a selective competitive antagonist of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor and is the only available specific antidote for benzodiazepine (BZD) toxicity; it will reverse the effects of BZDs but must be used with caution.
What is the strongest Benzo?
In regards to high-potency benzos, there are certain kinds that may have a short or long half-life. As previously mentioned, the strongest benzodiazepines have a short half-life and are highly potent.
- alprazolam (Xanax)
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- triazolam (Halcion)
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What effect does benzodiazepines have?
Higher doses of benzodiazepines can result in drowsiness, over-sedation and sleep. They may produce an effect similar to drinking a large amount of alcohol. Other effects can include: confusion.
What is a normal benzodiazepine level?
Given that the therapeutic blood concentrations for benzodiazepines ranges from 2–1000 ng/mL depending on the specific benzodiazepine, blood concentrations below the level of detection are not uncommon. The various benzodiazepines have a wide range of cut-off values for detection by immunoassay platforms (See Chart 1).
Do Benzos cause weight gain?
Benzos are one of the many drugs that can cause severe side effects and withdrawals. Benzos and weight gain are often associated with each other, with weight gain being a common symptom of benzo addiction. Many individuals who take benzos as prescribed medications experience weight gain.
Are all benzodiazepines controlled substances?
Benzodiazepines are controlled in Schedule IV of the Controlled Substances Act.
Which benzodiazepine is best for sleep?
Benzodiazepines that have been approved by the FDA for treating chronic insomnia include estazolam, flurazepam (Dalmane), temazepam (Restoril), quazepam (Doral), and triazolam (Halcion). Rapidly acting drugs with shorter half-lives (i.e., estazolam, triazolam, and temazepam) are preferred.
What is another name for diazepam?
Valium is a brand name for the drug diazepam, and Xanax is a brand name for the drug alprazolam. Both of these drugs are minor tranquilizers.
What is the chemical name for diazepam?
Diazepam (CAS 439-14-5) is one of the best known benzodiazepines (Valium®). According to IUPAC, the fully systematic name is 9-chloro-2-methyl-6-phenyl-2,5-diazabicyclo[5.4. 0]undeca-5,8, 10,12-tetraen-3-one or 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepine-2-one.