What Is Ephedrine? Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis.
What type of drug is ephedrine?
Ephedrine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low blood pressure during anesthesia (Hypotension). Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications. Ephedrine belongs to a class of drugs called Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists.
What effects does ephedrine have on the body?
Some of the minor side effects associated with ephedrine include tremors, palpitations, headache, restlessness, anxiety, and insomnia. Because of its direct sympathomimetic effects, ephedrine can increase heart rate, contractility, cardiac output, and peripheral resistance.
What are the long term effects of ephedrine?
Ephedra use is linked to high blood pressure, heart attacks, muscle disorders, seizures, strokes, irregular heartbeat, loss of consciousness, and death. These side effects might be more likely if ephedra is used in high doses or long-term.
What are other names for ephedrine?
Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.
Why was Bronkaid recalled 2020?
This recall was initiated after identifying that certain information was unintentionally excluded from the product carton label. Bronkaid caplets consist of ephedrine sulfate, a bronchodilator, and guaifenesin, an expectorant. … For more information call (800) 986-0369 or visit www.bronkaid.com.
Does ephedrine damage your heart?
“Ephedrine looks benign when you look at its effects on normal heart rates, but when there is a blockage, boom, ephedrine causes a potentially lethal arrhythmia,” Dr. Adamson said. “The heart starts beating so fast, it can no longer pump blood.”
Is ephedrine safe in small doses?
“No dosage of dietary supplements containing ephedrine alkaloids is safe and the sale of these products in the United States is illegal and subject to enforcement action.”
Does ephedrine raise body temperature?
Background: Ingesting a combination of caffeine and ephedrine (C+E) has been shown to raise metabolic heat production and body temperature. This side effect of C+E ingestion may be positive during a cold stress scenario, however, during heat stress it could prove to be detrimental.
Is ephedrine a controlled drug?
EPH and PSE are List I chemicals under federal law, whether in bulk, single entity, or combination dosage forms. Handlers of EPH and PSE need to know their customers so as not to become an unwitting supplier to a clandestine methamphetamine laboratory.
Does ephedrine cause liver damage?
The severity of liver injury due to ephedrine ranges from mild, asymptomatic elevations in serum enzymes to clinically apparent acute liver injury and to acute liver failure. Chronic use of Ma Huang has been linked to a chronic hepatitis-like syndrome, but recovery was prompt when ephedra was stopped.
How long can you use ephedrine?
Onset with intravenous use is fast, while injection into a muscle can take 20 minutes, and by mouth can take an hour for effect. When given by injection it lasts about an hour and when taken by mouth it can last up to four hours.
What does ephedrine do to the heart?
Ephedrine causes an increase in systolic, diastolic, and MAPs. It increases myocardial contractility, heart rate, and cardiac output (see Table 25.1). In the acute care setting, ephedrine is used primarily to treat mild hypotension and bradycardia associated with general or regional anesthesia.
What should you not take with ephedrine?
Ephedrine may interact with other adrenalin-like drugs, MAO inhibitors, beta-blockers, blood pressure medicine, tricyclic antidepressants, diuretics (water pills), digoxin, atropine, theophylline, oxytocin, or St John’s wort. Tell your doctor all medications you are taking.
What’s the difference between ephedrine and ephedra?
The March 26,2003, issue of JAMA includes an article about the efficacy and safety of ephedra and ephedrine. Ephedrine is a chemical contained in the ephedra herb. Ephedrine has medical uses, mostly in operating rooms and intensive care units.
What Colour is ephedrine?
Ephedrine reacts with the expected blue colour, but the intensity of the colour is weak as compared to methamphetamine and to other secondary amines such as piperidine. The full development of the colour requires 5 to 10 minutes.