Other plant sources that contain such ephedrine alkaloids include Sida cordifolia L. and Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino. Common names that have been used for the various plants that contain ephedrine alkaloids include sea grape, yellow horse, joint fir, popotillo, and country mallow.
What is ephedrine found in?
Synthetic ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are found in over-the-counter decongestants and cold medicines and are used to treat asthma. Ephedrine is not approved in the United States as a drug for weight loss or to enhance athletic performance.
What group of plants is ephedra in?
Ephedra, genus of 65 species of gymnosperm shrubs of the family Ephedraceae. Ephedra is an evolutionally isolated group and is the only genus in the order Ephedrales (division Gnetophyta).
Is it legal to grow ephedra?
ANSWER: Ephedra sinica, the herb also known as Ma Huang, is the one that was outlawed by the FDA and can no longer be legally sold as a dietary supplement. The major reason is the potential danger from the ephedra alkaloids, which are stimulant compounds that can represent an unreasonable risk of illness or injury.
How do you grow ephedrine?
How to Grow Ephedra from Seed – Method:
- Prepare an evenly-mixed blend of half cactus potting soil and half sand.
- Fill the containers with the potting mix and lightly moisten it.
- Very loosely cover the Ephedra seeds with the soil mix.
- Place the containers somewhere in full sun to partial shade.
Why was Bronkaid recalled 2020?
This recall was initiated after identifying that certain information was unintentionally excluded from the product carton label. Bronkaid caplets consist of ephedrine sulfate, a bronchodilator, and guaifenesin, an expectorant. … For more information call (800) 986-0369 or visit www.bronkaid.com.
What is another name for ephedrine?
Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.
What color is ephedrine?
Ephedrine reacts with the expected blue colour, but the intensity of the colour is weak as compared to methamphetamine and to other secondary amines such as piperidine. The full development of the colour requires 5 to 10 minutes.
What plants are stimulants?
Chapter 4 (Stimulant Plants) is dedicated to plants with purinergic (coffee, tea, cocoa, guarana, maté, kola), cholinergic (tobacco, areca, lobelia) and monoaminergic stimulant effects (ephedra, coca, khat). Active constituents are identified, and fairly extensive comments on their mechanisms of action are provided.
Does ma huang contain ephedrine?
Ma-huang is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb derived from Ephedra sinica Stapf and other Ephedra species, used to treat asthma, nose and lung congestion, and fever with anhidrosis. It contains 0.5–2.5% by weight of total alkaloids, of which ephedrine accounts for 30 to 90%.
What is the difference between ephedrine and ephedra?
The March 26,2003, issue of JAMA includes an article about the efficacy and safety of ephedra and ephedrine. Ephedrine is a chemical contained in the ephedra herb. Ephedrine has medical uses, mostly in operating rooms and intensive care units.
Where is ephedra still legal?
The sale of ephedra alkaloid-containing dietary supplements remains illegal in the United States. Sales of products containing ephedra extract not containing ephedrine remain legal.
Does Mormon tea contain ephedrine?
The dried branches are boiled in water to make the tea. People use it as a beverage and as a medicine. Be careful not to confuse Mormon tea (Ephedra nevadensis) with ephedra (Ephedra sinica and other ephedra species). Unlike these other plants, Mormon tea does not contain ephedrine, an unsafe stimulant.
What is Ephedrine used for?
Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis.
Is Ma Huang legal in US?
While the ephedra herb and products like ma huang tea are available for purchase, dietary supplements containing ephedrine alkaloids are not. Due to safety concerns, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned products containing ephedrine in 2004 ( 1 , 19).
How do you make Mormon tea?
Mormon tea is made from a plant, Ephedra nevadensis. The dried branches are boiled in water to make the tea. People use it as a beverage and as a medicine. Be careful not to confuse Mormon tea (Ephedra nevadensis) with ephedra (Ephedra sinica and other ephedra species).